Cotton is a natural fibre that comes from the seedpod of the cotton plant and is used to make many fabric types. Cotton fabric is popular because it’s easy to care for and comfortable year-round.
In hot, humid weather, cotton “breathes.” As the body perspires, cotton fibres absorb the moisture and release it on the surface of the fabric, so it evaporates. In cold weather, if the fabric remains dry, the fibres retain body heat, especially napped fabrics.
Cotton is easy to clean; it can be laundered or dry-cleaned. It withstands high water temperatures, so it can be boiled. It does wrinkle easily and is prone to shrinkage by up to 8-10%.
Chambray is similar to denim because it is a plain weave fabric woven with a coloured yarn in the warp and white yarn in the weft. However, unlike denim the warp and weft threads alternate one over the other.
Cotton gauze is a lightweight, soft fabric that is perfect for sewing loose fitted unstructured dresses and blouses. It's open weave makes it perfect for wearing in the warmer months. Double gauze is two layers of very thin gauze fabrics that have been basted together.
Cotton Lawn is a plain weave textile made from cotton. It is designed using high thread count yarns which results in a silky and untextured feel. It is a lightweight fabric and it can be slightly transparent. It is perfect for sewing dresses, skirts, trousers and tops for the warmer weather.
Brushed Cotton is made by specially treating the cotton fibres before they are spun into yarn resulting in a brushed feel. It is very soft against the skin.
Stretch Cottons are a medium weight woven fabric and combine the breathability of cotton with the elasticity of elastane. This type of fabric is ideal for sewing trousers, skirts and dresses with a fitted bodice.
Fabrics are sold in half metre increments so that you order the quantity you need and won't have too much scrap fabric left. Remnant fabrics are sold as they are, meaning if it is 1.5m left, then this is what will be sold. It won't be possible just to get some of it.